Lithuania lists natural springs and sources2015-04-13
The Lithuanian Geological Survey has drawn up a single list of water springs and sources, including a total of 218 springs and mineral water sources surveyed between 2012 and 2014.
“Lithuania is rich in underground water resources, and since natural springs are part of the underground water cycle, it is important to register them and include the largest ones into the national underground water monitoring network,” said the director of the Lithuanian Geological Survey, Jonas Satkūnas.
The register presents summary information about the physical structure of the sources and springs, the physical and chemical characteristics of their water, their current condition, historical facts and legends. Each spring has been allocated a separate data sheet.
Hydrologists surveyed and recorded 76 springs in the Aukštaitija ethnographic region in eastern Lithuania. Most of these springs are located in the valleys of moraine highland rivers and lakes on the edges of the Aukštaičiai and Sėliai regions. Fewer were found in central and northern lowlands.
In the southern Dzūkija region, 81 springs were recorded, mainly on the banks of the Neris, Nemunas, Verknė and Merkys rivers flowing across the geomorphological districts of Dzūkai moraine hills and Dainava lowlands. Another 53 springs were recorded in the western Lithuanian Žemaitija region. These are mainly located in the Žemaitija National Park and the Dubysa Regional Park.
Meanwhile, the south-western region of Suvalkija has the smallest number of springs, only eight. Six of them are located in the south-western Lithuanian lowlands, and one each in the Suvalkai (Sūduviai) and Dzūkai moraine highland fringes.
Public Information Division