Rising greenhouse gas emissions from the agricultural and transport sectors are worrying2017-05-18
Environmentalists are worried about the rising greenhouse gas emissions from the agricultural and transport sectors. This has become clear after the Ministry of Environment, in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency and the State Forest Service, prepared a National Greenhouse Gas Emission (GHG) Inventory Report containing the information for 2015, and a report on GHG emission change projections until 2035.
The report reveals that GHG emissions in 2015 in Lithuania totalled about 20.1 mln. tonnes of CO2, i.e. up by about 1% from 2014. The largest share or 55% of these emissions came from the energy sector. The main source of pollution in this sector was transport (46%), followed by agriculture (23%). Compared to 2014, the largest increase in GHG emissions by more than 5% and 3% was recorded in transport and agriculture respectively. In agriculture, the particular increase of emissions from 47% in 2014 to 53% in 2015 from agricultural soil was due to arable land and the use of synthetic fertilisers.
“We have applied to the Ministries of Agriculture and Transport in writing, as a real threat arises that Lithuania will fail to comply with its obligation by 2030 to reduce GHG emissions by 9%, compared to the 2005 level. According to the projections, these emissions from the transport and agricultural sectors will keep growing until 2035, which requires taking immediate and effective measures to reduce CO2 emissions into the environment”, says Vice-Minister of Environment Martynas Norbutas.
Environmentalists are calling on the Ministry of Agriculture to provide for and implement additional measures for reducing GHG emissions from the agricultural sector: to promote sustainable farming practices, crop rotation and enlargement of perennial grasslands, improve soil fertility (the humus layer), apply innovative technology for manure management, tighten up the use of synthetic fertilisers and their replacement with organic fertilisers, change the content of animal feedstuffs for the purpose of reducing CH4 and CO2 emissions, organise the education of farmers and their awareness raising, review the application of subsidies and tax benefits, etc.
In its turn, the Ministry of Transport and Communications should also provide for and implement additional legal and economic measures for reducing pollution in the transport sector.